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eMed previously Babylon Health

Male Pattern Baldness

The most common type of hair loss is male pattern baldness, which is a natural sign of ageing. Many men experience some type of male pattern baldness, with hair loss noted as early as in their 20s.

The pattern of hair loss can be different for everyone – you may notice thinning on top or a receding hairline, or both. Although hair loss may not be a sign of a medical illness, it can be a distressing situation and can have emotional effects on confidence.

See a doctor to discuss the treatment options available.


Male pattern baldness is hereditary, meaning it runs in families, and half of all men notice the signs by age 50.

Medical professionals think it could be caused by too much of a male hormone, which can lead to oversensitive hair follicles. For many people, male pattern baldness is an age-related condition which affects most men in the family.


The main sign of male pattern baldness is gradual hair loss, but not everyone loses hair in the same way. As the name suggests, there is a pattern of baldness which over time can leave a horseshoe band of hair around the base of the head. It may start with a receding hairline, or thinning on the crown of the head. It is possible to lose all of the hair on the head.

Treating male pattern baldness

This condition is a normal part of the ageing process and doesn’t need treatment in itself. However if you are noticing emotional side effects from losing your hair, such as anxiety or low mood, please see a GP to discuss this as there are treatments available.

The information provided is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Seek the advice of a doctor with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never delay seeking or disregard professional medical advice because of something you have read here.